Mong Pawn, Myanmar

BRIEF HISTORY: One of the 34 Shan states who were recognized by the British protectorate of Burma within the 1922 Federated Shan States. In 1943, the Japanese transferred Mong Pawn to the puppet state of Siam. The Shan states constituted later an autonomous region within the Union of Burma. The autonomy was suppressed by the dictatorship of General Ne Win in 1962.

SOURCE
: Inge Sargent, Twilight over Burma, My Life as a Shan Princess, University of Hawaii Press 1994

UPDATED: 11/8/2004

RELIGION: Buddhism (Theravada)

QUALIFICATIONS AND TITLES:
Head of the Family
: The Pce (Saopha or Saopahlong) of Mong Pawn
Principal wife of the Saopha: The Mahadevi of Mong Pawn, also Sao Nang Soom (literally, Royal Lady of the Seal)
Heir:
The Sao Kyemong
Children of the Saopha: Pce (Sao), Pcess (Sao or Sao Ying)
Children of a Pce (Sao): son: Khun or Hkun, daughter: Nang (courtesy: Sao)
Children of a Khun/Hkun: son: Kham or Hkam, daughter: Nang
Children of a Kham/Hkam: Sai (=commoner)
This system of titles is 5-generation declining, like in any East Asian dynasties.

GLOSSARY (Shan, Tai/ancient Thai, Siam)
:
Kham/Hkam
: title of the sons of the Khun/Hkun
Khun/Hkun
: title of the sons of the Pce (Sao)
Mahadevi:
title of the principal wife of the Saopha, literally Celestial Princess
Nang
: Lady
Sai
: commoner
Saopha/Chaopha
: Sovereign Pce, literally Celestial Lord (Sawbwa in Burmese)
Sao/Chao
: Pce, Pcess
Sao Kyemong
: Heir Apparent
Sao Nang
: form of address to a Pcess when speaking to her
Sao Nang Soom
: title of the principal wife of the Saopha, literally Royal Lady of the Seal
Sao Ying
: Pcess
Shan
: a corruption of Siam, a word given to the Shan ethny representing 7% of the population of Myanmar, close to the Thai and Laotian ethnies

HEAD OF THE FAMILY: Sao Hso Hom, Pce (Saopha or Saopahlong) of Mong Pawn since 19/7/1947, X ...., nicknamed Biddy, daughter of Pce Sao Khun Mong of Kengtung and Pcess Sao Ohn Nyunt of Hsipaw

PREDECESSORS:
....

Sao Sam Htoon, Pce (Saopha or Saopahlong) of Mong Pawn ....-19/7/1947, +(killed) 19/7/1947 during a cabinet meeting where General Aung San (father of freedom fighter Peace Nobel Prize Aun San Suu Kyi) was also killed. Father of 2 sons among whom the eldest:

Sao Hso Hom, Pce (Saopha or Saopahlong) of Mong Pawn since 19/7/1947 (see above, Head of the Family)