Cirebon Kasepuhan, Indonesia

BRIEF HISTORY: A state founded in 1478 as a result of the fall of the Mojopahit Empire, split into 4 lineages in 1662 with their own land and palace (Kraton) in Cirebon: 1° Kraton Kasepuhan with the title of Sultan Sepuh from 1699, 2° Kraton Kanoman with the title of Sultan Kanoman or Sultan Anom from 1662, 3° Kraton Kacirebonan with the title of Pangeran Kacirebonan from 1710 and 4° Kraton Keprabonan (sometimes spelled Kaprobonan) with the title of Panembahan from 1694, until 1773. There was a rolling succession where the head of the Kraton Kanoman succeeded to the Kraton Kasepuhan ruler, the Kraton Kacirebonan to the Kraton Kanoman, etc. In 1773, the extinct Kraton Keprabonan 4th line's lands and rights were divided between the Sultan Sepuh of the Kraton Kasepuhan 1st line and the Sultan Kanoman of the Kraton Kanoman 2nd line; although there is still a Cirebon Keprabonan line. The royalty was downgraded to regencies by the Dutch in 1809 and revived in 2002 when the Sultan of Cirebon Kasepuhan advocated the creation of a new Cirebon province. On the island of Java (Jawa Barat). Also spelled Tjirebon.

SOURCES: A.M.H.J. Stokvis, Manuel d’histoire, de généalogie et de chronologie de tous les Etats du globe..., Boekhandel & Antiquariaat B.M. Israël, Leiden 1888-1893, 1966

Gerry van Klinken, Return of the Sultans 2004

THANKS TO: John Duncan McMeekin (26/11/1999)
Donald P. Tick gelar Raja Muda Kuno, Pusat Dokumentasi Kerajaan di Indonesia "Pusaka", Vlaardingen, The Netherlands
pusaka.tick@tiscali.nl (8/2/2002, 2/10/2002, 24/12/2002, 23/2/2003, 19/10/2003, 5/1/2004, 11/10/2004, 4/5/2005, 10/9/2006, 9/10/2006, 28/10/2007, 11/8/2009)

UPDATED: 16/8/2009

GLOSSARY:
Adipati: Prince
Gusti: Lord
Kanjeng:address to a high ranking noble
Panembahan: nobility title in Java
Pangeran: Prince
Pangeran Patih: Chief Minister
Putra: Prince
Ratu: literally, King
SH: Sarjana Hukum, a graduate with a law degree
Susuhunan: Sultan or King

QUALIFICATIONS AND TITLES:
Kraton Kasepuhan Head of the Dynasty: The Pangeran Raja, generally known as The Sultan Sepuh (Cirebon, Jawa Barat, Indonesia)

HEAD OF THE DYNASTY
: Pangeran Raja Adipati Haji Maulana Pakuningrat, Sultan Sepuh XIII since 1969, advocates the creation of a new Cirebon province since 2002, °15/9/1937, X Irawatti

HEIR: Pangeran Arief Natadingrat, °1965. Son of Sultan Sepuh XIII

PREDECESSORS:
Nur ed Din Ibrahim Susuhunan Gunung Jati 1478-1510, an Arab from Hadramaut (today, Yemen). Father of Pasarean, himself father of:

Pangeran Hasan Baribin 1510-1554

Panembahan Ratu 1554. Father of Sedang Made Gayam, himself father of:

Pangeran Giri Laya Ratu I 1554-..... Father of:

Kraton Kasepuhan lineage:
Pangeran Giri Laya Ratu II ....-1662, +1662

Pangeran Merto Widyoyo Shems ed Din, Sultan Sepuh I 1662-1697. Brother of:

Pangeran Karto Widyoyo Abul Manasiri Badr ed Din, Sultan Sepuh II 1699-1703, Sultan Kanoman or Sultan Anom I 1662-1699

Abd el Kamil Mohammed Nasr ed Din, Sultan Sepuh III 1704-1715, Sultan Kanoman or Sultan Anom II 1699-1704, Panembahan Kaprobonan I 1694-1699. Son of Pangeran Giri Laya Ratu II

Salam ed Din, Sultan Sepuh IV 1729-...., Sultan Kanoman or Sultan Anom III 1704-1729. Son of Pangeran Merto Widyoyo Shems ed Din, Sultan Sepuh I and father of:

Tadj el Arifin Mohammed Zein ed Din, Sultan Sepuh V ....-1753. Father of:

Tadj el Arifin Mohammed Shems ed Din, Sultan Sepuh VI 1753-1773. Father of:

Sultan Sepuh VII 1773-1781. Brother of:

Sultan Sepuh VIII 1781-1791. Father of:

Sultan Sepuh IX 1791-deposed 1819 and 1826-1828, °17??, +1828

Sultan Sepuh X 1828-1853

....

Rajaningrat, Sultan Sepuh XII ....-1969, +1969, X Mintarsih. Father (by Mintarsih) of:

Pangeran Raja Adipati Haji Maulana Pakuningrat, Sultan Sepuh XIII since 1969, advocates the creation of a new Cirebon province since 2002, °15/9/1937, X Irawatti (see above, Head of the Dynasty)